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A.V.M. Gang Awareness Night 4/16/07


Learning Goals 1
Learning Goals 2
People Vs. Folk
Style vs. Identifiers
Culture of Dominance
MS 13
Neo Nazi/Sharps
Gangster Diciples
Latin Kings
Vice Lords
Gangster two-six
Support and Counseling
Support Numbers
Bolingbrook/Romeoville Community Programs
Contact Us
works cited/ thank yous
Northern California and expanding to Chicago

Nortenos Biography
The Norteños (Spanish: for "Northerners"), affiliated with Nuestra Familia (Our Family), are a coalition of primarily Latino gang's in Northern California. A member of these gangs is a Norteño (male) or Norteña (female); based on Spanish usage. Northern Californians who are not gang members, but feel a strong cultural affiliation with others in Northern California, may also refer to themselves as Norteños/Norteñas or simply "Northerners."

The traditional rivals of the Norteños are the Sureños ("Southerners"). The statewide dividing line between Norteños and Sureños has roughly been accepted as Delano, California. Norteno's may refer to Northern California as Norte, Spanish for "north", while Sureños refer to Southern California as "Sur", Spanish for "south". Any suggestion of a peace treaty between these two gangs, similar to that of Blood-Crip in the early 1990s, holds no weight with Norteños and Sureños in California.


Nortenos Hand Signs


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Nortenos Signs Graffiti
Norteño emblems and clothing are based on the color red. A typical Norteño outfit might include a red belt, red shoes, and red shoelaces. They may favor long hair "Indian" style, or sometimes shaved on the side with a Mongol top-knot in back. They will also favor sports team apparel that shows their affiliation through symbolism such as; the University of Nebraska (red with a capital "N"), UNLV (Us Nortenos Love Violence), and San Francisco 49ers (Red and Gold with a number 4). In areas where Norteños are allied with the Crips (C-14), the use of colors is less straightforward since a Crip use's the color blue.

The word "Ene", Spanish for the letter "N", is often used as a term of endearment between Norteños. This is seen as a backlash to the term "Ese", which is now strictly affiliated with Sureños. Norteños use the number 14 in tattoos and graffiti because "N" is the fourteenth letter of the alphabet. It is sometimes written as "X4", or in Roman numerals as "XIV". A Norteño may sometimes tattoo four dots on themselves to represent "4"; this is a response to a Sureño tradition of tattooing three dots. A Norteño derogatorily refers to a Sureño as a "Scrap", while a Sureño will likewise refer to a Norteño as a "Buster".

Norteños also lay claim to images of the Mexican-American labor movement, such as the sombrero, machete, and "Huelga bird", symbols of the United Farm Workers. At the same time that Norteños were first organizing in prisons and calling for liberation from the Mexican Mafia, the UFW and its leader César Chávez were folk heroes and symbols of liberation to many Chicano youths, including several Northern California gang members who had met Chávez when he was imprisoned for his union work. Chavez never actually endorsed the group, as he was a peaceful individual, but he did bring attention to the Northern Chicano presence by attracting the media to some of the most important farmland in the nation; California's Central Valley.

Originally, Norteños claimed images of Chicano youth culture, such as lowrider cars and cholo imagery. A Northern California based Latino rap group called Darkroom Familia, who have openly admitted their Norteño gang membership, have long been established and continue to be role models for Norteños. But recently Norteños have begun to adopt street slang that lies somewhere between African-American Hip-Hop and Chicano Caló terminology. Caucasian and African-American Bay Area rap acts such as the late "Woodie" (who was a Norteño himself) and the late Mac Dre are also becoming modern role-models for young Bay Area Norteños.